I was a student teacher in a Massachusetts elementary school, and it took me awhile to figure out the correlation between the pencil and hallway behavior. If I replied, "Yes, you should bring a pencil," the walk to my classroom took 15 minutes and involved a lot of disruptions, student squabbles, drifting students and other various misbehaviors. As a student teacher, I was very focused on keeping order and creating a challenging learning environment. So, what was the correlation?
Computers can handle a range of activities and carry out programmed functions at amazing speed.
They can check exercises after they are done, move students gradually from easier to more difficult exercises according to their levels and abilities.
When students fail to answer questions correctly or perform activities, the computer can simulate, drill, or explain the phenomenon in a way that makes it easier for the learner to understand Hoffman, However, technology, especially computers, has not yet gotten to the point where it can make a real difference in language instruction in ESL classroom.
This paper will focus on the question of how ESL reading can be facilitated with computer applications for language teaching and learning. First, the paper will go over some of the available research on computers and ESL reading, and then discuss some programs and software that can be used in teaching and learning ESL reading for intermediate students.
The chart below shows how far technology is involved in the ESL curriculum.
It is a comparison of the field of ESL to some other disciplines in humanities in terms of technology integration into the curriculum.
Previous Research The development of computer-based reading curricula had been taking place before the existence of microcomputers in the late s.
Central mainframe computers dispatched instructional lessons to individual terminals in different locations. The relative difficulty in using mainframe computers for educational applications led developers to consider the more practical and affordable microcomputers. The first major computer-based reading curriculum was the work of Richard Atkinson in at Stanford University which was supported by a grant from the U.
The project was a first-grade reading curriculum aimed to lessen the need for classroom teachers Atkinson, Computer-based reading curricula continued to develop but were of a commercial nature. Though some research, primarily evaluative, was conducted, most computer-based reading curricula studies have been sponsored by the companies marketing them Reinking et al, These research attempts were exclusively for L1 reading.
Only during the past ten years has the use of computers in the field of teaching second language reading been increasing.
A variety of studies have shown the importance of using computers in ESL reading Willet, They studied the effects of a dynamic visual advance organizer on the macro level and the effects of multimedia annotations for single vocabulary items on the micro level. Furthermore, they examined the relationship between vocabulary acquisition and reading comprehension.
The results of their study indicated that the visual advance organizer does aid in overall comprehension and that annotations of vocabulary items consisting of both visual and verbal information help more than verbal information only.
Also, a moderate correlation between vocabulary knowledge and reading comprehension was found.5 ESL Activities Guaranteed to Get Your Students Excited About Writing Practice Writing might seem like a daunting task for ESL students. But writing activities can totally spice up your classroom and teach your students to express themselves in new ways.
Teaching ESL Reading Using Computers Saad AlKahtani alkahtan [at] benjaminpohle.comiana University of Pennsylvania (USA) Introduction Using computers in ESL classroom is . About • Privacy • Help • Contact; The Starfall Website is a program service of Starfall Education Foundation, a publicly supported nonprofit organization, (c.
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benjaminpohle.com Quizzes, tests, exercises and puzzles to help you learn English as a Second Language (ESL) This project of The Internet TESL Journal (benjaminpohle.com) has thousands of .
This web site is for people studying English as a Second Language (ESL) or English as a Foreign Language (EFL).There are quizzes, word games, word puzzles, proverbs, slang expressions, anagrams, a random-sentence generator and other computer assisted language learning activities.