It struck viewers—who flocked to see the painting—as a great insult to the academic tradition. And of course it was. One could say that the artist had thrown down a gauntlet. In using a contemporary subject and not VenusManet mocked that tradition and, moreover, dared to suggest that the classical past held no relevance for the modern industrial present.
Olympia and the controversy surrounding what is perhaps the most famous nude of the nineteenth-century are the focus of The Shock of the Nude: Although the nude body has been visual art's most enduring and universal subject, it has often spurred conflict. The Olympia manet of the Nude explores the power of the nude, Manet's use of the subject in Olympia, and how his century-old struggle affects the work of contemporary artists like a New York artist who recreates Olympia in the film.
Like the artwork it examines, the film -- shot in Paris and New York -- is captivating, featuring powerful imagery from the past and the present, and compelling interviews with leading artists and scholars. Olympia is a painting of a reclining nude woman, attended by a maid and a black cat, gazing mysteriously at the viewer.
Why were visitors to the Paris gallery, already quite familiar with art featuring the naked body, so outraged by the painting that the gallery was forced to hire two policemen to protect the canvas? The objections to Olympia had more to do with the realism of the subject matter than the fact that the model was nude.
While Olympia's pose had classic precedents, the subject of the painting represented a prostitute. In the painting, the maid offers the courtesan a bouquet of flowers, presumably a gift from a client, not the sort of scene previously depicted in the art of the era.
Viewers weren't sure of Manet's motives. Was he trying to produce a serious work of art? Was Olympia an attempt to parody other paintings? Or, worst of all, was he mocking them? Modern scholars believe Manet's technique further inflamed the controversy surrounding Olympia. Rejecting his traditional art training, Manet chose instead to paint with bold brush strokes, implied shapes, and vigorous, simplified forms.
It wasn't just the fact that she's a nude and she's a lower class nude, but also the fact that she was painted in That is to say formally, morally, in terms of its subject matter. It had the whole range of outrage," adds art historian Linda Nochlin.
The Shock of the Nude presents a complex view of Manet. A member of Paris's upper-middle class, the artist was the only one of his contemporaries who didn't have to sell his paintings to earn a living. He enjoyed the benefits of his social position -- living where he chose and keeping company with cultural icons of the time.
What was in the Louvre was part of his history. It belonged to him," notes scholar Eunice Lipton. With all his privilege, Manet was still driven to prove himself to his father, who wanted his son to study law.
The artist was an ambitious man, who also sought acceptance at the Salon, France's annual, government-sponsored art show, and the National Art Academy, the Academie des Beaux-Arts.
This large, provocative painting, depicting clothed men picnicking outdoors with a naked woman, was rejected by the jury. When it was finally shown publicly that same year, it elicited a similarly negative response from the masses.
Manet waited two years before submitting Olympia to the Salon. Much to Manet's surprise, the jury accepted his bold, new work. Instead, they decided to expose the artist and his work to the wrath of the real critics -- the public.
As expected, Manet was vilified by Salon-goers. Although he succeeded in his goal to change the face of French painting, Manet was devastated by the merciless criticism. Someone must be wrong," the artist wrote to his friend, French poet Charles Pierre Baudelaire.
Modern-day New York artist Mike Bidlo bases his artwork on past masterpieces as well. Like other vanguard artists, Bidlo seeks to extend the boundaries of art. The Shock of the Nude: Manet's Olympia is written and produced by Richard P.Édouard Manet, Olympia, oil on canvas, (Musée d'Orsay, Paris) Speakers: Dr.
Beth Harris and Dr. Steven Zucker Édouard Manet brought to Realism his curiosity about social mores. However, he was not interested in mirroring polite parlor conversations and middle class promenades in the Bois de Boulogne (Paris’ Central Park). Dec 17, · Rather, Manet invented subjects that set the Parisians’ teeth on edge.
In , Manet submitted his risqué painting of a courtesan greeting her client (in this case, you), Olympia, of , to. Édouard Manet (US: / m Olympia was the subject of caricatures in the popular press, but was championed by the French avant-garde community, and the painting's significance was appreciated by artists such as Gustave Courbet, Paul Cézanne, Claude Monet.
Read and learn for free about the following article: Édouard Manet, Olympia If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our . Olympia shocked in every possible way, formally, morally, in terms of its subject matter. It had the whole range of outrage.
It had the whole range of outrage.
The Shock of the Nude presents a complex view of Manet. With Olympia, Manet reworked the traditional theme of the female nude, using a strong, uncompromising technique.
Both the subject matter and its depiction explain the scandal caused by this painting at the Salon.