This essay discusses some of the major advantages and disadvantages of nuclear energy. Nuclear power is generated using Uranium, a mineral of which one of the isotopes, U- is unstable. The nucleus breaks down resulting in the emission of heat and radiation followed by a chain reaction.
When nuclear energy has been successfully applied to power production in, say, a couple of decades from now, India will not have to look abroad for experts, but will find them ready at home.
Jawaharlal Nehru was a firm believer in the efficacy of science in fostering economic development. Bhabas birth centenary was celebrated in Dec. Nuclear power generation was initiated in India in July with the commissioning of the Tarapur atomic power plant of MW in Maharashtra.
The Tarapur atomic plant was set up with technical and financial aid from the United States of America. The Canadian government rendered the necessary expertise for the Rana Pratap Sagar atomic power plant.
Stage one was to consist of operating power plants using Indian uranium and also producing plutonium. In stage two, plutonium would be used in fast breeder reactors which could yield more plutonium and uranium from thorium of which India has an abundance. In the third and final stage, India would use U to sustain breeders, which would convert thorium into U, thereby achieving self-reliance.The prime objective of the atomic energy program, as defined in the Atomic Energy Act of , is the development, control and use of atomic energy solely for peaceful purposes, namely, the generation of electricity and the development of nuclear applications in .
The Integrated Energy Policy of India estimates the share of nuclear power in the total primary energy mix to be between 4% to % in various scenarios by the year A study by the DAE, estimates that the nuclear energy share will be about % by the year and % by the year When nuclear energy has been successfully applied to power production in, say, a couple of decades from now, India will not have to look abroad for experts, but will find them ready at home.” So the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research was born with Bhabha as its director.
Thus, nuclear energy never fits into its goal of energy independence. India, on the other hand, is the leader of the new resource of nuclear fuel called Thorium, which is considered to be the.
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